The Auroras, or Northern and Southern lights, are some of the most spectacular views in the night sky. These spectacular lights show the form of flowing curtains, blazing arcs, and diffuse glow. The majority are green, but some are crimson, blue, or purple. Such magnificent displays are regarded as one of the world’s natural marvels. However, very few individuals ever see them. Why? Auroras are most commonly seen in the skies of Earth’s polar regions. They may be traced back to a stream of charged particles that are constantly emitted by the sun. This plasma is referred to as the solar wind. The magnetic field of Earth deflects the majority of the solar wind away from the planet. However, the magnetic field catches certain particles in the plasma storm.
These high-energy charged particles move to Earth’s poles following magnetic field lines. The particles then collide with oxygen and nitrogen atoms in the atmosphere. The oxygen and nitrogen are energized by these collisions. That is, they provide a little more energy to the atoms. However, excited atoms are not stable. They swiftly return to a non-excited (or ground) condition. Atoms emit energy in the form of light particles as a result of this process.
In two oval-shaped zones, these lights move across the skies above Earth’s poles. Gazers in Alaska and Canada have the best chance of seeing the northern lights, also known as the Aurora Borealis.
It points out that auroras are not only one of our world’s natural beauties, but also a beauty in many other worlds.